==> The Explora Vol. 2 No. 2 (July 2016)

The  Explora  Journal

Journal of  English  Language  Teaching (ELT) and Linguistics

OPEN JOURNAL SYSTEMS       ISSN : 2442-9384  Print - ISSN: 2460-3244 online

 

Volume 2, number 2,  July   2016


The Explora Journal of English  Language  Teaching  (ELT) Linguistics  (EJELTL) is  double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by English Department, Magister of Education – Graduate School of  Nommensen HKBP University – Medan – Indonesia  . The journal focuses on the following topics: English language Teaching , applied English linguistics, theoretical English linguistics, Sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, comparative linguistics, computational linguistics, and discourse analysis. It provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers to contribute innovative work in the field. JLL carries original and full-length articles that reflect the latest research and developments in both theoretical and practical aspects of  ELT and Linguistics.

The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free access and download.

e-Version  is a feature offered through our journal platform. It allows PDF version of manuscripts that have been peer reviewed and accepted, to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final printed journal. Readers can freely access or cite the article.
We aim to publish accepted manuscripts in e-Version  in two week's time after the final draft completed.

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Paper Selection and Publication Process

a. Upon receipt of paper submission, the Editor sends an E-mail of confirmation to the corresponding author within 1-3 working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, your submission/e-mail may be missed. Please contact the Editor in time for that.

b. Peer review. We use double-blind system for peer-review; the reviewers' identities remain anonymous to authors. The paper will be peer-reviewed by three experts; one is an editorial staff and the other two are external reviewers. The review process may take about 2 weeks.

c. Notification of the result of review by E-mail.

d. The authors revise paper and pay publication fee (100 USD).

e. After publication, the corresponding author will receive two copies of printed journals, free of charge.

f. E-journal in PDF is available on the journal's webpage, free of charge for download.

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ANNOUNCEMENTS

Call for Papers and Recruit for Reviewers

Submission of papers for publications consideration are welcome at all times. You may submit your manuscripts online or send your manuscripts to fbsbahasainggris.uhn@gmail.com

We recruit reviewers at: http://www.uhn.ac.id/index.php/fakultas/view_prodi/BIng

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact the editor at: fbsbahasainggris.uhn@gmail.com

 

The Explora Volume  2  no 2 July 2016

SSN : 2442-9384  Print - ISSN: 2460-3244 online

MPBI –  Pasca Sarjana UHN - Medan

 

CONTENTS

1

The Effect of Jigsaw and Think – Pair – Share Strategy on Teaching Reading Comprehension of SMA Negeri 7 Medan

                                                               Hilman Pardede, Darnauli                                                                                              

 

2

An Analysis of Students's Needs in Speaking Material in English Achievement of Tenth Grade in Senior High School

Loyalty Sinurat

loyalsinurat@gmail.com 

3

The Effect of Using Mind Mapping Strategy and Power Strategy on the Students’ Skill in Writing Descriptive Text

Tagor Pangaribuan, Friscilla Sembiring     

friscillasembiring@yahoo.com

4

Deductive And Inductive Thinking In Conversation Discourse Analysis

Rimma Sianipar

rimmasianipar@pascauhn

5

Metaphor Translation in Sandra Brown’s Novel “Exclusive”

Busmin Gurnin,  Herlina Libra Lisa

libra_gints74@yahoo.com

6

                                Error Analysis on Reading Comprehension at Vocational School

                                          Rani Juliana Tamba                                           

    ranitamba@yahoo.com

Copyright © Department, Faculty of Language and Arts HKBP Nommensen University - Medan - Indonesia .

 

The Effect of Jigsaw and Think – Pair – Share Strategy on Teaching Reading Comprehension of SMA Negeri 7 Medan

Hilman Pardede, Darnauli

tobing_darnauli@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

The objective of this study were, to find out the effects of Jigsaw Strategy in teaching reading comprehension at SMA Negeri 7 Medan, to find out the effects of Think – Pair – Share strategy in teaching reading comprehension at SMA Negeri 7 Medan, to find out which strategy is the most significant in teaching reading comprehension at SMA Negeri 7 Medan. This study was conducted by using experiemtnal research with factorial design 2 x 2. The population of this study were 120 students of grade XI of 2016 / 2017 of SMA Negeri 7 Medan. They were divided into three groups : the first group was treated by using Jigsaw strategy, the second group was treated by using Think – Pair – Share (TPS) strategy and the third by using the conventionalteaching. Students achievement on reading comprehension was measuring by given test. The data were analyzed by using Two Way Anova with program SPSS version 17.00. Based on the analysis, there were found that the score of Jigsaw Mean is 80.00, Std. deviation is 9,25, N is 40 students, Sig is .038 while as the score of Think – Pair – Share strategymean is 77,5, Std. devation is 7,75, N is 40 students, Sig is .002 and the score of conventionalteachingmean is 75, Std. deviation is 7,50, N is 40 students, Sig is .000 so it can be stated that students achievement on reading comprehension taught by using Jigsaw strategy is the most significant. In this research, Jigsaw Strategy is more improve students score on reading comprehension than Think – Pair – Share Strategy. Think – Pair – Share Strategy is more improve student score on reading comprehension than conventionalteaching.

Keywords : Jigsaw Strategy, Think – Pair – Share strategy, reading comprehension

 

An Analysis of Students's Needs in Speaking Material in English Achievement of Tenth Grade in Senior High School

Loyalty Sinurat

loyalsinurat@gmail.com

 

Abstract 

This study aimed to analyze the students t needs of the students  speak English of the tenth grade in senior high school. The objectives of this study to find out the students’needs for speaking material in tenth grade in senior high school and whether the materials of English text book have accomodated the student needs for speaking skill in tenth grade in senior high school. The research design of study use a qualitative description method. The population used in this research is the students of SMA Negeri 1 Sibolangit consisting of 5 classes. Sample of this research is the students who are in class X-3 was taken using a technique researcher randomly. The final results of this study indicate that there were students’needs in speaking material to speak English and the english textbook of students of SMA Negeri 1 Sibolangit is not accomodated the students’needs yet. The students’needs in speaking materials in tenth grade in SMA Negeri 1 Sibolangit are the vocabulary needs 80 %, the pronunciation needs 62,5%, the interaction needs 55%, the performance needs 50%, the transaction needs 47,5%, and the structure need 30%. The Vocabulary and Pronunciation were the students’needs in speaking material of tenth grade in SMA Negeri 1 Sibolangit. The learning materials in two books are not show the vocabulary and pronunciation skill as the materials yet. The English textbooks were still not yet accomodate the students'needs in speaking material in tenth grade in SMA Negeri 1 Sibolangit.

Keywords :  students’  needspeaking material

 

The Effect of Using Mind Mapping Strategy and Power Strategy on the Students’ Skill in Writing Descriptive Text

Tagor Pangaribuan, Friscilla Sembiring     

friscillasembiring@yahoo.com


Abstract

The objective of this study is to examine and to compare the effectiveness of using mind mapping strategy and POWER strategy on the students writing descriptive text of first grade. For this purpose the researcher selected the sample comprised 60 students studying at class VII 1 and VII 3 of SMP N.31 Medan. Each class consisted of 30 students. There are two groups of the students in this study, they are experimental group and control group. The experimental group was taught by Mind Mapping strategy and control group was taught by Plan, Organize, Write, Edit, Rewrite (POWER) strategy. The instrument for collecting the data was writing descriptive text about favorite person. It was consisted about  100 words. After scoring the data, the data were analyzed by using t-test formula. The analysis shown that t-test is 4.61 while t-table is 2000. It means that t-test is higher than t-table with the degree of freedom 58, and the level significance 0.05. The result shows that the hypothesis of this study is accepted. In other, Mind Mapping strategy significantly affects the students’ writing skill in descriptive text.

Keywords : mind mapping strategy, POWER strategy, writing descriptive text 

 

Deductive And Inductive Thinking In Conversation Discourse Analysis

Rimma Sianipar

rimmasianipar@pascauhn

 

Abstract 

This descriptive quantitative study is aimed at identifying and describing the deductive and inductive thinking in 5 conversations of Senior High School (SMA) students selected purposively. After analyzing the data, it was found that there were 61 turn-takings with the average of 12.2 turn-takings, and 40 cases of deductive and inductive thinking. There were 29 cases of deductive thinking (47.54%) and 11 cases of inductive thinking (18.03%) in all the turn-takings. This implies that the conversations are dominantly influenced by deductive thinking. The speakers in the conversations still express general statements rather detailed information. There are grammatical mistakes in the conversations. The differences between the deductive and inductive thinking are clearly indicated in a) range and shift of topic, b) detailed information, c) general statements. It is suggested that every writer of conversations should include detailed information in the conversation because it is an exchange of information which the students learn more about general knowledge. The problem of deductive and inductive thinking should be considered in writing a conversation. An inductive-thinking based conversation stimulates students to express themselves much better because they are trained to think critically and profoundly. Discourse analysis

Keywords : inductive thinking, deductive thinking

 

Metaphor Translation in Sandra Brown’s Novel “Exclusive”

Busmin Gurnin,  Herlina Libra Lisa

libra_gints74@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to 1) find the meaning of metaphors found, 2)  analyze the strategies used in translating them into Indonesian version and 3) identify  the types of  shifts found in the translation of Sandra Brown Novel “Exclusive” with its Indonesian version entitled “Berita Ekslusif”. There are two types of metaphor  namely dead metaphor and live metaphor. This study was restricted in analyzing live metaphors based on theory of Larson(1998) that  was applied to analyze the meaning of metaphor by identifying the topic, image, point of similarity, and/or non figurative meaning, as well as her other theory of strategies used for translating  metaphors. The types of shift were identified and analyzed by following theory of Catford (1974). Data were collected through library research by note taking the live metaphors found in the data source. Many examples of metaphorical expressions were collected from the novel. Then, the collected data were analyzed by the theory concerned. The result of the study showed that it is hard to identify the live metaphor if the topic and/or the point of similarity left implicit. There are four strategies applied by the translator in translating live metaphors in this study, they were translating by keeping the metaphorical image, translating as simile, subtituting to the metaphor in the target language which had the same meaning and translating without keeping the metaphorical imagery. The most strategy used in translating live metaphors in this study is the last one without keeping the metaphorical imagery. All types of category shifts occurred in this translation, such as class shift, structure shift, unit shift, and intra system shift.

Keywords : metaphor translation, translation strategy, translation shift


Error Analysis on Reading Comprehension at Vocational School

Rani Juliana Tamba

ranitamba@yahoo.com


Abstract

This research was conducted to know the students’ difficulties and also the factors causing the difficulties in understanding English reading descriptive text.This research is a case study and it uses descriptive quantitative method. The subjects of the research are fifty fife students of the ten grade students at SMK SWASTA Palapa, Pancur Batu, Pancur Batu who are detected as having difficulties in understanding English reading descriptive text and an English teacher who handles the classes. The test were used as the instruments of this study. The test was used to obtain the data about the students’ difficulties in understanding English reading descriptive text.The finding shows that the majority of the students find difficulties in identifying main idea of the text, more than half of students made mistake in identifying specific word in the text and many students cannot understand the structure of the text. Whereas, the factors causing the students’ difficulties in understanding English reading descriptive text are learners’ background, teaching technique, and the learners’ environment.Based on the data finding in this research, some suggestions are given to English teacher that the teacher should emphasize to solve the students’ problem and also he should learn better to apply the techniques of teaching reading skill. It is also suggested future researcher that he or she should analyze with defferent aspects of this research. For example: students’ difficulties in other skill, object and level of school.

Keywords : students’ difficulties, reading descriptive text

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