==> The Explora

 

The  Explora  Journal

Journal of  English  Language  Teaching (ELT) and Linguistics

OPEN JOURNAL SYSTEMS       ISSN : 2442-9384  Print - ISSN: 2460-3244 online

 

Volume 1, number 1,  March   2015

The Episteme Journal of English Linguistics and Literature  (JLL) is  double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by English Department, Faculty of Language and Arts  HKBP Nommensen University - Medan - Indonesia  . The journal focuses on the following topics: English language, applied  English linguistics, theoretical English linguistics, Sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, comparative linguistics, computational linguistics, and discourse analysis. It provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers to contribute innovative work in the field. JLL carries original and full-length articles that reflect the latest research and developments in both theoretical and practical aspects of  Linguistics and Literature .

The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free access and download.

 

e-Version  is a feature offered through our journal platform. It allows PDF version of manuscripts that have been peer reviewed and accepted, to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final printed journal. Readers can freely access or cite the article.
We aim to publish accepted manuscripts in e-Version  in two week's time after the final draft completed.

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Paper Selection and Publication Process

a.        Upon receipt of paper submission, the Editor sends an E-mail of confirmation to the corresponding author within 1-3 working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, your submission/e-mail may be missed. Please contact the Editor in time for that.

b.       Peer review. We use double-blind system for peer-review; the reviewers' identities remain anonymous to authors. The paper will be peer-reviewed by three experts; one is an editorial staff and the other two are external reviewers. The review process may take about 2 weeks.

c.        Notification of the result of review by E-mail.

d.       The authors revise paper and pay publication fee (100 USD).

e.        After publication, the corresponding author will receive two copies of printed journals, free of charge.

f.         E-journal in PDF is available on the journal's webpage, free of charge for download.

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Announcements

 

 

Call for Papers and Recruit for Reviewers

 

Submission of papers for publications consideration are welcome at all times. You may submit your manuscripts online or send your manuscripts to fbsbahasainggris.uhn@gmail.com

We recruit reviewers at: http://www.uhn.ac.id/index.php/fakultas/view_prodi/BIng

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact the editor at: fbsbahasainggris.uhn@gmail.com


 

The Explora Volume  I no 1 March 2015

SSN : 2442-9384  Print - ISSN: 2460-3244 online

MPBI - Pasca Sarjana UHN - Medan

CONTENTS

1

An Analysis of Translation Shifts of

English  Email Letters in to Indonesian

by Google Translation

Edi Suprayetno

edisuprayetno@gmail.com

Page

1-17

2

Grammatical Mistakes in Translating Financial Statement Analysis Textbook

Fiber Yun Almanda Ginting

fiber_ginting@yahoo.com

18-31

3

The Effect Of Communicative Language Teaching And Direct Method On Students' Ability In Writing Narrative Text Grade Xi-2 And Xi-3 Sma Negeri 2 Kabanjahe

Jenita Anjani Sembiring

Jenita_sembiring@yahoo.com

32-64

4

The Application of Mind Mapping to Improve Students'  Reading Comprehension Skill

Rotua Elfrida Pangaribuan

                                      rotua_elfrida@yahoo.com

65- 84

5

 The Variety of Language Style Based on Gender

as Found in Twitter

Jontra Jusat Pangaribuan

jontra_pangaribuan@ymail.com

 

85- 96

6

Developing a Teaching Model Based on Wisdom Approach for Developing Environmental Values Through Teaching of English

 

Masriani Silalahi

Masri_lalahi@hotmail.com

97- 103

 

 

Copyright © Department, Faculty of Language and Arts  HKBP Nommensen University - Medan - Indonesia  .

 

 

 

 

The Explora 1

 

An Analysis of Translation Shifts of

English  Email Letters in to Indonesian

by Google Translation

 

Edi Suprayetno

edisuprayetno@gmail.com

 

Abstract

The objectives of this study were  to (1) explain how  the types of translation shifts are processed in English email letters in to Indonesian by google translation, (2) investigate types of translation shifts, (3)  investigate types of grammatical shifts found in the translation of  English email letters in to Indonesian by google translation at PT. Mutiara Medica Sunggal during December 2014. Based on the analysis by Catford theory as well as the characteristics of  each type of translation shift it was found that translation shifts occured are due to the shifting of grammatical unit  as well as the small linguistic changes system occur between ST and TT in order to make the target language is more natural and understandable by the readers. The  types of  translation shifts occured were (1) stucture shift (97  shifts  or 42,54%) of the total 228 shifts, (2) unit shift  (78 shifts or 34,21%), (3) level shift (24 shifts  or 10,53%.), (4)  Intra system shift (23 shifts  or 10,09%) , and(4) class shift  (6 shifts or 2,63%). The dominant tpye is structure shift. It means that in conducting the process of translation, google translation is more effective when it translate in the level of word to word or phrase to phrase. The types of grammatical shifts occured were (1) Phrase (Modifier + Noun)  to Phrase (Noun + Modifier) (76  shifts or 33,33%), (2) shift of word to phrase (51 shifts or 22,37%), (3). Shift of phrase to word (27 shifts or 11,84 %) , (4) shift of  grammatical unit to lexicon (24 shifts or 10,53 %) ,(5) shift of  plural noun/ noun phrase to singular noun/ noun phrase (23 shifts or  10,09 %) ,(6)  pharse to phrase with different linguistic system from SL to TL (21 shifts or 9,21%), and (7) shifts of clause to phrase, clause to word and clause to sentence which reach 3 shifts or 1,32%, 2 shifts or  0,88% and 1 shift or  0,44% of the overall data. In conclution,  that google translation is  only effective when it is used to conduct the translation from word to word, Phrase  to Phrase, word to phrase and phrase to word but not in phrase to clause , clause to clause or sentence to sentence.

 

Key words : Translation Shifts, English Email Letters, Google Translation

 

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The Explora 2

 

Grammatical Mistakes in Translating Financial Statement Analysis Textbook

Fiber Yun Almanda Ginting

fiber_ginting@yahoo.com

English Department of Teacher Training Faculty - Santo Thomas Catholic University - Medan

 

Abstract

     This Research deals with grammatical mistakes in translation English (as source language [SL]) into bahasa Indonesia (as target language [TL]). The investigation was in a text that consists of 301 sentences in both SL and TL. Following Wills in Noss, (1982: 3) that stresses translation is a transfer process which aims at the transformation of a written SL text into an optimally equivalent TL text, and which requires the syntactic, the semantic and the pragmatic understanding and analytical processing of the SL. Grammatical mistakes belong to syntactic analytical processing and will influence the semantic and pragmatic understandings. The investigation focused on the preposition and determiner article (a/an) of the SL. The results of the investigation that (1) There are two types of grammatical mistakes in the translating of the textbook, i.e. the mistakes in translating prepositions and the determiners ('a'/'an'). There are 14 mistakes all together. (2) The dominant mistake in the translating textbook are in translating determiner 'a'/'an', that sometimes are translated and someime are not.

 

Keywords : equivalent, pragmatic understandings, prepositions

 

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The Explora 3

 

The Effect Of Communicative Language Teaching And Direct Method On Students' Ability In Writing Narrative Text Grade Xi-2 And Xi-3 Sma Negeri 2 Kabanjahe

Jenita Anjani Sembiring

Jenita_sembiring@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

 It was found that the using communicative language teaching on teaching narrative writing gave a significant effect. The student which is taught by communicative language teaching got higher score than those who taught by dictation technique. The result of the t-test shown that, the t-calculated was higher than t-table, (5.53<2.000). It means that communicative language teaching gave significant effect with the students' ability in writing narrative text.  Communicative Language Teaching is applied in teaching learning process by practicing story telling that already made by students' group. They practiced their story telling in front of the class with their partner. This approach is applied to make students easier to understand the narrative text and also because it gives enjoyable in teaching learning process, and the last one it makes students more creative. The result can be concluded that there is a significant effect by using communicative language teaching achievement in writing narrative text. The result of calculation of t-test showed that t-calculated 5.53 is higher than t-table 2.000 (p=0.05) which implies that the alternative hypothesis is accepted.

 

Keywords : Communicative Language Teaching, narrative writing,

 

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The Explora 4

 

The Application of Mind Mapping to Improve Students'  Reading Comprehension Skill

Rotua Elfrida Pangaribuan

rotua_elfrida@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

From all the data analyzed, the writer found that there was an improvement of students' reading comprehension  in narrative text The data were taken only from one class. The class was The Students of Husbandry English Class in Odd semester of 2014-2015 .The class consisted of 28 students. By application of mind mapping method. It was proved by which showed that the mean of the students score in the second cycle ( is higher than first cycle  and also is higher than pre-test . It also proved by the score of students who got up to 75 points was increased every cycle. They are pre-test 17.85%; post-test cycle I    35.71%; and post-test cycle II  64,28%. The writer also analyzed the qualitative data that were taken from observation sheets, questionnaire, diary notes, and interview. From the observation sheets, it was found that the class was effectively run. From the questionnaire and interview showed that the students faced many difficulties in narrative paragraph writing in the first meeting. The interview and questionnaire in the last meeting indicated that students were able to used mind mapping method in making narrative paragraph. The lecturer also agreed that mind mapping method was suitable to use in the class. From the diary notes it can be concluded that the students were very interested in following the teaching learning process by using mind mapping method. All the data indicated that the students gave good attitude and responses during the teaching and learning process. Based on the results of quantitative and qualitative data, it is found that application of the mind mapping method has been successfully improves students' reading skill .

 

Keywords  : Mind mapping  Method, Reading comprehension,  Narrative text 

 

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The Explora 5

 

The Variety of Language Style Based on Gender

as Found in Twitter

Jontra Jusat Pangaribuan

                                       University of  Catholic Santo Thomas - Medan

jontra_pangaribuan@ymail.com

 

Abstract

            This study adresses language style, different ways of communicating, and the purposes of communication of male and female in Twitter status. The objectives of the study are: a) to find out the dominant type of language style used by male and female; b) to describe the way of communicating between male and female; and c) to describe the purposes of communicating of male and female in Twitter status. The data were obtained from 20 male's status and 20 females' status in December 2012 until March 2013. The data were analyzed based on three theory, first is five language style according to Joos (1967), they are formal style, consultative style, frozen style, intimate style and casual style; second is the difference ways of communicating between male and female according to Tannen (1992), they are advice versus understanding , information versus feeling, and conflict versus compromise; third is purposes of Twitter communication according to Patrick (2010), they are entertainment, integration into community, relationship maintenance, and identity construction. The findings show that: a) the dominant style used male in Twitter ststus is Consultative style which are 11 status (55 %) because male express their status for their existency, integrity, their style and social status to show that they are not jobless while female dominantly used Casual style with 9 status (45 %) because most of woman write status for their existency in the community Twitter, to express their feeling, opinion and their style; b) Male used advice which are 10 status (50 %) because most of man think logically, to show their responsibility and look wise while female dominantly used feeling which are 8 status (40 %) because most of woman think based on their feeling, emotionally, and expressively; c) The resons of communication of male and female in Twitter status are: identity construction, giving information, praying, showing feelings, and giving advice.

 

Key words : Language Style , Gender, language in Twitter

 

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The Explora 6

 

Developing a Teaching Model Based on Wisdom Approach for Developing Environmental Values Through Teaching of English

 

Masriani Silalahi

Masri_lalahi@hotmail.com

 

Abstract

In view of the current multiple crises facing mankind there is a shift in emphasis from a knowledge based education to wisdom based education. The fundamental principle of the Wisdom Approach is "to encourage students not only to recall facts and to think critically or creatively about the content of the subjects they learn, but to think wisely about it, too (Halpern, 2001). According to Sternberg's balance theory of wisdom students are motivated to learn to balance competing intrapersonal, interpersonal and extra personal interests (Sternberg, 2001).The present paper proposes a teaching model to develop environmental values among students based on the principles of the Wisdom Approach. The Model outlines (a) Focus (b) the Syntax (c) the Social System (d) the Support System and (e) the Evaluative Measures. This paper also reports the results of an experimental tryout of a teaching lesson aimed at developing general and environmental values in the context of teaching English.

 

Key words: Wisdom Approach, Enviromental Values

 

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